|English: The state seal of Virginia. Српски / Srpski: Застава америчке савезне државе Вирџиније. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)|
The following 2012 crime trends within
are presented in the report: Virginia
experienced a decline in violent
crime (murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault) of 3.0 percent compared to
2011; the FBI figures for the same period of time are not yet available. Virginia
ü Property crime such as burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft decreased 3.3 percent; the FBI figures for the same period of time are not yet available.
ü The homicide rate increased slightly for 2012 (3.86) compared to 2011 (3.77) per 100,000 population. Based on the ages reported, victims tended to be older than offenders; 23 percent of homicide victims were 50 years of age or older, while only 6 percent of offenders were in the same age group.
ü Motor vehicle thefts and attempted thefts decreased 8.0 percent. Of the 8,988 motor vehicles stolen, 4,729 or slightly over one-half were recovered (52.6%). Automobiles and trucks stolen had the highest percent recovered (62.4 percent, 62.9 percent), while recreational and “other” motor vehicles (motorcycles, mopeds, snowmobiles, etc.) had the lowest percent recovered (35.6 percent, 32.5 percent). Four out-of-ten (40.3 percent) of all motor vehicle offenses were reported stolen from the location of residence or home. The value of all motor vehicles stolen was $59,806,194, while the value recovered was $33,021,149 (52.2 percent).
ü Drug and narcotic offenses showed slight decreases in 2009 (-2.5%) and 2008 (-3.5%). For the past three years drug offenses have increased compared to the previous year (5.3 percent in 2010, 7.1 percent in 2011 and 9.4 percent for 2012).
ü Fraud offenses increased by 7.5 percent when compared to 2011.
ü Robbery decreased 13.2 percent. Of the 4,729 robberies and attempted robberies, 37 percent took place between and . The days of the week showed little variability with the most robberies occurring on Saturdays (16 percent) and the fewest on Thursdays (13 percent).
ü Of the weapons reported, firearms were the most frequently used in homicides (71 percent) and robberies (57 percent).There were 143 hate crimes reported in 2012. Nearly two-thirds (63 percent) were racially or ethnically motivated. Bias toward sexual orientation was next highest (19 percent) while bias toward religion comprised 16 percent. The remaining 2 percent reported was attributed to a bias against a victim’s physical or mental disability. The offense of destruction/damage/vandalism of property was associated in just over half of all reported bias motivated crimes (51 percent).
The report employs an Incident Based Reporting (IBR) method for calculating offenses, thus allowing for greater accuracy. IBR divides crimes into two categories: Group A for serious offenses including violent crimes (murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault), property crimes and drug offenses, and Group B for what are considered less serious offenses such as trespassing, disorderly conduct, bad checks and liquor law violations where an arrest has occurred.
For Group A offenses, between 2011 and 2012, adult arrests in
decreased less than one percent
(-0.88 percent). Juvenile arrests for Group A offenses decreased 11.8 percent
statewide during the same period of time. Crime in Virginia reports that
Group B arrests decreased 5.1 percent for adults, and decreased 5.8 percent for
juveniles between 2011 and 2012. For both Group A and Group B offenses, there
were a total of 355,595 arrests in 2011 compared to 341,557 arrests in 2012,
representing a decrease of 3.9 percent. Virginia
Per state mandate, the Department of Virginia State Police serves as the primary collector of crime data from participating
state and local police departments
and sheriffs’ offices. The data are collected by the Virginia State Police
Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division via an automated system,
and then compiled into Crime in Virginia, an annual report for use by
law enforcement, elected officials, media and the general public. These data
become the official crime statistics for the Commonwealth and are sent to the
FBI which modifies and incorporates them in their annual report, Crime in
the United States. Virginia